U.S. media: South Korea and Germany are well-prevented against epidemics, a model for responding to the new coronary pneumonia pandemic

U.S. media: South Korea and Germany are well-prevented against epidemics, a model for responding to the new coronary pneumonia pandemic
May 9, 2020 No Comments News customwar.com

With the spread of the New Coronary Pneumonia epidemic worldwide, the daily lives of people in various countries have been disrupted by the epidemic, and the government has to take various anti-epidemic measures. American media said that Germany and South Korea are seen as models of effective response to pandemics in countries affected by the epidemic. Although the countermeasures of the two countries are not the same, they have achieved a good effect of effectively curbing the spread of the virus.

On March 27, at the Incheon International Airport in South Korea, medical staff performed tests for passengers. Xinhua News Agency Information Map

Expert: Other countries can learn a lot from South Korea

According to a report by CNN on the 8th, in February 2020, the South Korean government implemented large-scale virus detection, conducted active contact tracing, adopted strict public health measures and strict quarantine systems, and used digital Technology to ensure that the country can stop the spread of the new coronavirus without a massive blockade.

Thanks to the above measures, the current Korean epidemic has been effectively controlled. Since April 19, there have been fewer than 15 newly diagnosed cases in a single day in South Korea, and there have been single-digit growth for many days. With the end of the strict 45-day social distance period, the South Korean government announced that from May 6 onwards, the country will move into a “life epidemic prevention phase” in which life and epidemic prevention go side by side.

According to the “life epidemic prevention” policy, residents should rest at home if they suspect new symptoms of pneumonitis, continue to maintain a distance of at least two meters from others, wash hands frequently, maintain room ventilation, and disinfect regularly. Elderly people over 65 and people at high risk of infection should continue to stay at home and avoid activities in closed and crowded places.

At the same time, the Korean Professional Baseball League is also rematched on May 5, but the game does not have an audience, referees and coaches need to wear masks. At the same time, South Korean students will return to school on May 13 under the premise of complying with a series of epidemic prevention measures.

Peter Drobac, a global health expert at Oxford Said Business School in Oxford, told CNN that other countries can learn a lot from South Korea ’s experience in the fight against epidemics. correct”.

Drogbach pointed out that although there is no uniform and strict anti-epidemic method for all countries, there is a set of anti-epidemic principles applicable to all countries. “First, countries should strive to flatten the new crown epidemic curve, preferably flatten the curve Until new cases continue to decrease; second, countries must ensure that their health systems can successfully respond to crises without taking emergency measures, and ensure that medical workers have the necessary protective equipment; third, countries must have Virus testing capabilities on a large scale; fourth, countries need to track contacts, which requires manpower, technology, and detailed plans to isolate cases and their contacts. “

Drobuck believes that patients and their close contacts should not be isolated at home, because the home is the place where the virus spreads the most, and the United Kingdom and the United States have ignored this and have failed to control the outbreak in a timely manner. Drobuck emphasized that high-risk groups and vulnerable groups should be protected, because with the reopening of various places, the population will re-flow, and the risk of infection is also increasing.

“The key to reopening is to offset the risk of infection through virus detection, contact tracing, and quarantine patients and their close contacts.” Drogbach said, “Another important factor in the effectiveness of the Korean anti-epidemic measures is transparency between the government and the people. Communication and public trust in the government. This will become more difficult in places where the epidemic is poorly managed or politicized, such as the United States and the United Kingdom. “

“Germany is the most effective country in Europe to fight the epidemic”

Recently, Germany has successfully controlled the epidemic after several weeks of blockade, and has adopted a step-by-step approach to restart economic and social operations.

According to a previous report by the “German Voice” (DW), German Chancellor Angela Merkel said after a consultation with the state governors on the epidemic prevention and control issues, Germany gradually lifted the blockade from May 6 and restarted most of it. Regional economic activity. The store can be reopened, and residents can meet their family members. But at the same time, “social isolation restrictions” will continue until June 5, people still need to maintain a distance of at least 1.5 meters, and cover their mouth and nose in public.

“Although the first stage of the epidemic has passed. But it will be with us for a long time.” Merkel said.

The German Federal Government hopes that each federal state will relax its own epidemic restrictions according to its own situation. However, the federal government will also set an upper limit on the infection rate. Once the standard is exceeded, the states must re-take strict control measures.

“Germany has developed a trigger mechanism to restart the blockade, that is, if the federal states find that the number of new infections per 100,000 people in their jurisdictions exceeds 50 in 7 days, then each federal state must immediately restore the epidemic prevention measures.” Drogbach analyzed and said, “I don’t know if this will work, but according to the available data, this seems to be a wise approach.”

The CNN article pointed out that Germany’s measures to deal with the epidemic are generally regarded as successful cases of European anti-epidemic. Compared with other countries, Germany ’s new coronary pneumonia deaths have not only remained at a low level, and the German medical system has sufficient resources, which allows German hospitals to receive new coronary pneumonia patients from other regions in Europe that are more affected by the epidemic. In addition, Germany has an advanced medical diagnostic industry, which allows it to conduct large-scale virus testing from the beginning of the outbreak.

The German government’s disease control agency Robert Koch Institute (RKI) recently said that currently Germany can conduct 964,000 new coronavirus tests per week, compared with last week that Germany used only one-third of the capacity.

Drogbach pointed out that due to Germany ’s relatively cautious attitude towards “reopening”, coupled with the decentralized nature of the German governance system, and the coordination between the federal states, it decides when and to There is greater flexibility in how to relax the epidemic prevention restrictions.

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